According to the Childrens Oncology Group, the capsular penetration seen on histologic exam results in which stage and what treatment?
According to Fernandez (Ann Surg 265:835, 2017), which adjuvant therapy will result in the highest overall survival with the lowest toxicity?
Current Children’s Oncology Group recommendations for radiation therapy in Wilms tumor patients specify that
The most appropriate management of this patient with bilateral renal masses is
The genetic characteristic which portends poorer prognosis in Wilms tumor is
The most effective treatment to improve event free survival in this patient with metastatic Wilms tumor is
The guidelines from the Children’s Oncology Group call for preoperative chemotherapy when
Your recommendation for management of this patient with metastatic Wilms tumor is
The next best step in management of this patient with a metastatic renal tumor is
The most appropriate surgical management includes right nephrectomy and
The recommended next step for this patient with a presumed cystic renal tumor is