Mesenteric and Omental Cysts

Jose Y Greenspon, MD, Clint Cappiello, MD, Taiwo A Lawal, MD, Rachelle Damle, MD
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Mesenteric and omental cysts are rare disorders that may result in abdominal pain or partial intestinal obstruction. The majority (60%) are diagnosed by age 15 years with about one in four cases seen in patients less than 10 years old. Mesenteric and omental cysts are cystic abdominal swellings characteriazed by painless, often uniform, enlargement of the abdomen. They often mimic other abdominal conditions and may make diagnosis delayed or missed. Torsion or infection of a mesenteric or omental cyst can complicate the presentation and simulate an acute abdomen. Mesenteric cysts were first reported by Benevieni in 1507 and Omental cysts by Gairdner in 1852 [1].

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Last updated: August 2, 2018