Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Achalasia is a topic covered in the Pediatric Surgery NaT.

To view the entire topic, please or purchase a subscription.

APSA Pediatric Surgery Library combines Pediatric Surgery Not a Textbook (NaT) with APSA ExPERT, a powerful platform for earning MOC CME credits -- all powered by Unbound Medicine. Explore these free sample topics:

Pediatric Surgery Library

-- The first section of this topic is shown below --

Introduction

Achalasia of the esophagus is a rare condition characterized by three abnormal findings in esophageal motility - the absence of peristalsis, a high resting pressure of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and the failure of receptive relaxation of the LES [1][2]. The result of these three motility issues is a progressive dysphagia to solids and then liquids. The condition was first described in 1672 by Sir Thomas Willis and the term achalasia ("failure to relax") was coined by Hurt and Rake in 1929 [3]. There are both primary and secondary forms of achalasia – primary implying the more common classic form of idiopathic condition whereas secondary cases are due to more defined events such as Chagas disease (infection with trypanosoma cruzii) endemic to certain areas of South America or spinal cord injury that can result in an autonomic dysfunction resembling achalasia [4].

-- To view the remaining sections of this topic, please or purchase a subscription --

Last updated: November 16, 2018

Citation

Hamilton, Nicholas A, et al. "Achalasia." Pediatric Surgery NaT, American Pediatric Surgical Association, 2018. APSA Webapp, www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829667/all/Achalasia.
Hamilton NA, Islam S, Petrosyan, MD M, Kane T, Wall J. Achalasia. In: Waldhausen J, Powell D, Hirschl R, eds. Pediatric Surgery NaT. American Pediatric Surgical Association; 2018. https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829667/all/Achalasia. Accessed May 26, 2019.
Hamilton, N. A., Islam, S., Petrosyan, MD, M., Kane, T., & Wall, J. (2018). Achalasia. In Waldhausen, J., Powell, D., & Hirschl, R. (Eds.), Pediatric Surgery NaT. Available from https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829667/all/Achalasia
Hamilton NA, Islam S, Petrosyan, MD M, Kane T, Wall J. Achalasia [Internet]. In: Waldhausen J, Powell D, Hirschl R, editors. Pediatric Surgery NaT. American Pediatric Surgical Association; 2018. [cited 2019 May 26]. Available from: https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829667/all/Achalasia.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Achalasia ID - 829667 A1 - Hamilton,Nicholas,MD AU - Islam,Saleem,MD, MPH AU - Petrosyan, MD,Mikael , AU - Kane,Timothy,MD AU - Wall,James,MD ED - Waldhausen,John, ED - Powell,David, ED - Hirschl,Ron, Y1 - 2018/11/16/ BT - Pediatric Surgery NaT UR - https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829667/all/Achalasia PB - American Pediatric Surgical Association DB - APSA Webapp DP - Unbound Medicine ER -