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Sternal Cleft is a topic covered in the Pediatric Surgery NaT.

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Sternal defects or clefts are a result of incomplete fusion of the sternal bodies. Superior, subtotal, total and inferior are the most common types . The exact etiology is unknown, but an association with the gene mutation Hoxb is described. This is a very rare abnormality and accounts for only 0.15% of all chest wall deformities. Two categories of sternal cleft exist - complete and partial. Partial can be either a defect in the superior or inferior aspect of the sternum. Upper clefts are generally an isolated anomaly. Inferior defects are associated with pentalogy of Cantrell. It is important if the diagnosis is made prenatally to have an idea of the other associated anomalies to help guide prenatal counseling.

Content in this topic is referenced in SCORE Chest Wall Deformities

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Last updated: August 16, 2017


Mazziotti, Mark V, et al. "Sternal Cleft." Pediatric Surgery NaT, American Pediatric Surgical Association, 2017. APSA Webapp, www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829602/all/Sternal_Cleft.
Mazziotti MV, Misra MV, Abdullah F, Sigalet D, Harris JC. Sternal Cleft. In: Waldhausen J, Powell D, Hirschl R, eds. Pediatric Surgery NaT. American Pediatric Surgical Association; 2017. https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829602/all/Sternal_Cleft. Accessed July 17, 2019.
Mazziotti, M. V., Misra, M. V., Abdullah, F., Sigalet, D., & Harris, J. C. (2017). Sternal Cleft. In Waldhausen, J., Powell, D., & Hirschl, R. (Eds.), Pediatric Surgery NaT. Available from https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829602/all/Sternal_Cleft
Mazziotti MV, Misra MV, Abdullah F, Sigalet D, Harris JC. Sternal Cleft [Internet]. In: Waldhausen J, Powell D, Hirschl R, editors. Pediatric Surgery NaT. American Pediatric Surgical Association; 2017. [cited 2019 July 17]. Available from: https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829602/all/Sternal_Cleft.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Sternal Cleft ID - 829602 A1 - Mazziotti,Mark,MD AU - Misra,Meghna,MD AU - Abdullah,Fizan,MD, PhD AU - Sigalet,David,MD, PhD AU - Harris,Jamie,MD ED - Waldhausen,John, ED - Powell,David, ED - Hirschl,Ron, Y1 - 2017/08/16/ BT - Pediatric Surgery NaT UR - https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829602/all/Sternal_Cleft PB - American Pediatric Surgical Association DB - APSA Webapp DP - Unbound Medicine ER -