Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Pilonidal Disease is a topic covered in the Pediatric Surgery NaT.

To view the entire topic, please or purchase a subscription.

APSA Pediatric Surgery Library combines Pediatric Surgery Not a Textbook (NaT) with APSA ExPERT, a powerful platform for earning MOC CME credits -- all powered by Unbound Medicine. Explore these free sample topics:

Pediatric Surgery Library

-- The first section of this topic is shown below --

Introduction

What is pilonidal disease?

The word pilonidal derives from the Latin word pilus (hair) and nidus (nest). Pilonidal disease is the term that encompasses the disease process in which hair burrows through the skin and into the subcutaneous tissue of the gluteal cleft, leading to a sinus tract that becomes epithelialized. The tract frequently ends in a pseudocystic saccule (i.e. nest) filled with hair and chronic granulation tissue. Over time, this collection can become infected leading to an abscess. The disease was first described by Mayo in 1833 and the term pilonidal sinus was coined by Hodges in 1880.

It is a relatively common problem seen by pediatric surgeons. Although it may not be as glamorous as some of the other problems that we care for, it is a significant source of morbidity and can result in significant periods of missed school and work. An organized treatment plan for the different stages of the disease can be very beneficial for patients affected with this problem.

see also Pilonidal Procedures

content in this topic is referenced in SCORE Anal Pathology: Fissures, Abscesses, Fistulae, Pilonidal, Prolapse overview

-- To view the remaining sections of this topic, please or purchase a subscription --

Last updated: August 3, 2018

Citation

Flageole, Helene, et al. "Pilonidal Disease." Pediatric Surgery NaT, American Pediatric Surgical Association, 2018. APSA Webapp, www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829532/all/Pilonidal_Disease.
Flageole H, Livingston M, Hong AR. Pilonidal Disease. In: Waldhausen J, Powell D, Hirschl R, eds. Pediatric Surgery NaT. American Pediatric Surgical Association; 2018. https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829532/all/Pilonidal_Disease. Accessed June 16, 2019.
Flageole, H., Livingston, M., & Hong, A. R. (2018). Pilonidal Disease. In Waldhausen, J., Powell, D., & Hirschl, R. (Eds.), Pediatric Surgery NaT. Available from https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829532/all/Pilonidal_Disease
Flageole H, Livingston M, Hong AR. Pilonidal Disease [Internet]. In: Waldhausen J, Powell D, Hirschl R, editors. Pediatric Surgery NaT. American Pediatric Surgical Association; 2018. [cited 2019 June 16]. Available from: https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829532/all/Pilonidal_Disease.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Pilonidal Disease ID - 829532 A1 - Flageole,Helene, AU - Livingston,Michael, AU - Hong,Andrew,MD ED - Waldhausen,John, ED - Powell,David, ED - Hirschl,Ron, Y1 - 2018/08/03/ BT - Pediatric Surgery NaT UR - https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829532/all/Pilonidal_Disease PB - American Pediatric Surgical Association DB - APSA Webapp DP - Unbound Medicine ER -