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Gastric Outlet Obstruction

Jessica H Belchos, MD, Brian Gray, MD, Matthew P Landman, MD, MPH
Gastric Outlet Obstruction is a topic covered in the Pediatric Surgery NaT.

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Introduction

Why is gastric outlet obstruction important to pediatric surgeons?

Gastric outlet obstruction is defined as any condition that restricts the passage of normal gastric contents through the pylorus into the duodenum. Although rare, it typically requires surgical intervention such that pediatric surgeons need to be familiar with the different etiologies in order to select the appropriate treatment. A wide variety of pathology, both congenital and acquired, can cause harm and even be fatal in this patient population. The most prevalent cause is idiopathic hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS). While IHPS is common, there are many other causes which, while not as frequent, are important to consider in the differential when evaluating a child with the signs and symptoms of gastric outlet obstruction.

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Last updated: July 24, 2019

Citation

Belchos, Jessica H, et al. "Gastric Outlet Obstruction." Pediatric Surgery NaT, American Pediatric Surgical Association, 2019. APSA Webapp, www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829521/all/Gastric_Outlet_Obstruction.
Belchos JH, Gray B, Landman MP. Gastric Outlet Obstruction. In: Waldhausen J, Powell D, Hirschl R, eds. Pediatric Surgery NaT. American Pediatric Surgical Association; 2019. https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829521/all/Gastric_Outlet_Obstruction. Accessed August 20, 2019.
Belchos, J. H., Gray, B., & Landman, M. P. (2019). Gastric Outlet Obstruction. In Waldhausen, J., Powell, D., & Hirschl, R. (Eds.), Pediatric Surgery NaT. Available from https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829521/all/Gastric_Outlet_Obstruction
Belchos JH, Gray B, Landman MP. Gastric Outlet Obstruction [Internet]. In: Waldhausen J, Powell D, Hirschl R, editors. Pediatric Surgery NaT. American Pediatric Surgical Association; 2019. [cited 2019 August 20]. Available from: https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829521/all/Gastric_Outlet_Obstruction.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Gastric Outlet Obstruction ID - 829521 A1 - Belchos,Jessica,MD AU - Gray,Brian,MD AU - Landman,Matthew ,MD, MPH ED - Waldhausen,John, ED - Powell,David, ED - Hirschl,Ron, Y1 - 2019/07/24/ BT - Pediatric Surgery NaT UR - https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829521/all/Gastric_Outlet_Obstruction PB - American Pediatric Surgical Association DB - APSA Webapp DP - Unbound Medicine ER -