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Pelvic Inflammatory Disease is a topic covered in the Pediatric Surgery NaT.

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Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an ascending infection of the female upper genital tract which includes endometritis, parametritis, salpingitis, oophoritis, tubo-ovarian abscess, peritonitis and perihepatitis. Most commonly, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis are the causative agents although vaginal and enteric pathogens can also contribute. PID is highly preventable through the early recognition and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). If it does develop, PID is associated with significant morbidity including chronic pelvic pain, dyspareunia, pelvic adhesions, tubo-ovarian abscesses, ectopic pregnancy and infertility. Unfortunately, evidence shows that adolescents receive suboptimal treatment for PID with large database reviews showing only 30 to 40% adherence to the treatment guidelines of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control [1][2]. Intervention efforts aimed at preventing PID during adolescence focus on prevention of all STDs, early recognition, screening and treatment of gonorrhea and chlamydial infections.

see also Benign Tubo-Ovarian Disease

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Last updated: April 26, 2017


Riggle, Kevin M, et al. "Pelvic Inflammatory Disease." Pediatric Surgery NaT, American Pediatric Surgical Association, 2017. APSA Webapp, www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829148/all/Pelvic_Inflammatory_Disease.
Riggle KM, Riehle KJ, Henry MC. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. In: Waldhausen J, Powell D, Hirschl R, eds. Pediatric Surgery NaT. American Pediatric Surgical Association; 2017. https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829148/all/Pelvic_Inflammatory_Disease. Accessed June 16, 2019.
Riggle, K. M., Riehle, K. J., & Henry, M. C. (2017). Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. In Waldhausen, J., Powell, D., & Hirschl, R. (Eds.), Pediatric Surgery NaT. Available from https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829148/all/Pelvic_Inflammatory_Disease
Riggle KM, Riehle KJ, Henry MC. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease [Internet]. In: Waldhausen J, Powell D, Hirschl R, editors. Pediatric Surgery NaT. American Pediatric Surgical Association; 2017. [cited 2019 June 16]. Available from: https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829148/all/Pelvic_Inflammatory_Disease.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Pelvic Inflammatory Disease ID - 829148 A1 - Riggle,Kevin,MD AU - Riehle,Kimberly,MD AU - Henry,Marion,MD, MPH ED - Waldhausen,John, ED - Powell,David, ED - Hirschl,Ron, Y1 - 2017/04/26/ BT - Pediatric Surgery NaT UR - https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829148/all/Pelvic_Inflammatory_Disease PB - American Pediatric Surgical Association DB - APSA Webapp DP - Unbound Medicine ER -