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Inhalation Injury is a topic covered in the Pediatric Surgery NaT.

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Pathophysiology

The pathophysiology of inhalation injury is multifactorial. Direct thermal injury accounts for the trauma to the supraglottic region while chemical and particulate constituents of smoke contribute to the damage caused to the tracheobronchial tree and lung parenchyma. The chemical injury initiates a series of events which include the release of inflammatory mediators with subsequent increased permeability leading to edema, mucosal sloughing and cast formation. This can manifest clinically as bronchospasm, small airway occlusion and decreased pulmonary compliance all which contribute to respiratory failure [1][2].

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Last updated: May 5, 2016

Citation

González, Raquel. "Inhalation Injury." Pediatric Surgery NaT, American Pediatric Surgical Association, 2016. APSA Webapp, www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829115/all/Inhalation_Injury.
González R. Inhalation Injury. In: Waldhausen J, Powell D, Hirschl R, eds. Pediatric Surgery NaT. American Pediatric Surgical Association; 2016. https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829115/all/Inhalation_Injury. Accessed April 18, 2019.
González, R. (2016). Inhalation Injury. In Waldhausen, J., Powell, D., & Hirschl, R. (Eds.), Pediatric Surgery NaT. Available from https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829115/all/Inhalation_Injury
González R. Inhalation Injury [Internet]. In: Waldhausen J, Powell D, Hirschl R, editors. Pediatric Surgery NaT. American Pediatric Surgical Association; 2016. [cited 2019 April 18]. Available from: https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829115/all/Inhalation_Injury.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Inhalation Injury ID - 829115 A1 - González,Raquel,MD, MHCM ED - Waldhausen,John, ED - Powell,David, ED - Hirschl,Ron, Y1 - 2016/05/05/ BT - Pediatric Surgery NaT UR - https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829115/all/Inhalation_Injury PB - American Pediatric Surgical Association DB - APSA Webapp DP - Unbound Medicine ER -