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Poland Syndrome is a topic covered in the Pediatric Surgery NaT.

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Poland syndrome was first described in the English literature by Poland in 1841. It is a constellation of physical findings including the absence of the pectoralis major and minor muscles, syndactyly, absence of ribs, chest wall depression, athelia or amastia, absence of axillary hair and limited subcutaneous fat. Clarkson was the first to label the syndrome in 1962 [1]. Poland syndrome is rare – it has a sporadic occurrence estimated at 1 in 10,000 to 1 in 100,000 live births [2]. A familial component is present in less than one percent of patients.

Poland syndrome is associated with the Mobius syndrome which involves unilateral or bilateral facial palsy and impaired ocular abduction [3][4][5]. The two may have a common etiology although this has yet to be determined [6].

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Last updated: January 16, 2017


Mazziotti, Mark V, et al. "Poland Syndrome." Pediatric Surgery NaT, American Pediatric Surgical Association, 2017. APSA Webapp, www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829077/all/Poland_Syndrome.
Mazziotti MV, Misra MV, Abdullah F, Sigalet D, Harris JC. Poland Syndrome. In: Waldhausen J, Powell D, Hirschl R, eds. Pediatric Surgery NaT. American Pediatric Surgical Association; 2017. https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829077/all/Poland_Syndrome. Accessed July 17, 2019.
Mazziotti, M. V., Misra, M. V., Abdullah, F., Sigalet, D., & Harris, J. C. (2017). Poland Syndrome. In Waldhausen, J., Powell, D., & Hirschl, R. (Eds.), Pediatric Surgery NaT. Available from https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829077/all/Poland_Syndrome
Mazziotti MV, Misra MV, Abdullah F, Sigalet D, Harris JC. Poland Syndrome [Internet]. In: Waldhausen J, Powell D, Hirschl R, editors. Pediatric Surgery NaT. American Pediatric Surgical Association; 2017. [cited 2019 July 17]. Available from: https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829077/all/Poland_Syndrome.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Poland Syndrome ID - 829077 A1 - Mazziotti,Mark,MD AU - Misra,Meghna,MD AU - Abdullah,Fizan,MD, PhD AU - Sigalet,David,MD, PhD AU - Harris,Jamie,MD ED - Waldhausen,John, ED - Powell,David, ED - Hirschl,Ron, Y1 - 2017/01/16/ BT - Pediatric Surgery NaT UR - https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829077/all/Poland_Syndrome PB - American Pediatric Surgical Association DB - APSA Webapp DP - Unbound Medicine ER -