Poland Syndrome

Mark V Mazziotti, MD, Meghna V Misra, MD, Fizan Abdullah, MD, PhD, David Sigalet, MD, PhD, Jamie C Harris, MD
Poland Syndrome is a topic covered in the Pediatric Surgery NaT.

To view the entire topic, please or purchase a subscription.

APSA Pediatric Surgery Library combines Pediatric Surgery Not a Textbook (NaT) with APSA ExPERT, a powerful platform for earning MOC CME credits -- all powered by Unbound Medicine. Explore these free sample topics:

Pediatric Surgery Library

-- The first section of this topic is shown below --


Poland syndrome was first described in the English literature by Poland in 1841. It is a constellation of physical findings including the absence of the pectoralis major and minor muscles, syndactyly, absence of ribs, chest wall depression, athelia or amastia, absence of axillary hair and limited subcutaneous fat. Clarkson was the first to label the syndrome in 1962 [1]. Poland syndrome is rare – it has a sporadic occurrence estimated at 1 in 10,000 to 1 in 100,000 live births [2]. A familial component is present in less than one percent of patients.

Poland syndrome is associated with the Mobius syndrome which involves unilateral or bilateral facial palsy and impaired ocular abduction [3][4][5]. The two may have a common etiology although this has yet to be determined [6].

-- To view the remaining sections of this topic, please or purchase a subscription --

Last updated: January 16, 2017