Chest Wall Deformities

Mark V Mazziotti, MD, Meghna V Misra, MD, Fizan Abdullah, MD, PhD, David Sigalet, MD, PhD, Jamie C Harris, MD
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Introduction

Chest wall deformities represent abnormal growth of the thoracic cavity from gestation through adolescence. There are five main categories

  • pectus excavatum
  • pectus carinatum
  • Poland syndrome
  • sternal cleft
  • others (including Jeune syndrome and Jarcho-Levin Syndrome)

The symptoms associated with congenital chest wall deformities are varied and depend largely upon the etiology of the deformity. For the most common deformity, pectus excavatum, symptoms range from cosmetic disturbances to dyspnea and cardiac arrhythmias. There is little to no associated mortality from this disease [1]. Conversely, for sternal clefts with ectopia cordis mortality rates can be extremely high [2].

Content in these topics is referenced in SCORE Chest Wall Deformities overview

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Last updated: May 7, 2019