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Ulcerative Colitis is a topic covered in the Pediatric Surgery NaT.

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Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a lifelong disease process that often presents in childhood. The initial work up, diagnosis and management are critical to the disease process, quality of life and the disease progression for the pediatric patient. The pediatric surgeon is an essential team member in the diagnosis and management of children with UC and can provide treatment options in addition to helping with complications as they arise.

What is different about ulcerative colitis in children?

Twenty to 25% of patients affected by UC present in childhood [1][2]. UC is often a more severe disease process in children and many present with pancolitis leading to a higher percentage requiring colectomy [3]. While most children present with typical symptoms of abdominal pain and rectal bleeding, it is important for clinicians to recognize atypical symptoms such as growth failure and anorexia [4]. The disease presentation was once thought to correlate with the clinical outcome for ulcerative colitis but in young children even a severe disease onset can lead to a mild disease course [5][6]. UC can affect the linear growth and physiologic health of a child as well as social and emotional development. Children who have UC may miss school and social activities and are prone to behavioral disturbances and depression [5].

see also Colectomy and Restorative Proctectomy for Ulcerative Colitis

Content in this topic is referenced in SCORE Inflammatory Bowel Disease overview

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Last updated: May 25, 2017


Lillehei, Craig W, et al. "Ulcerative Colitis." Pediatric Surgery NaT, American Pediatric Surgical Association, 2017. APSA Webapp, www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829046/all/Ulcerative_Colitis.
Lillehei CW, Zalieckas J, Gadepalli SK, Sutherland CL. Ulcerative Colitis. In: Waldhausen J, Powell D, Hirschl R, eds. Pediatric Surgery NaT. American Pediatric Surgical Association; 2017. https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829046/all/Ulcerative_Colitis. Accessed June 25, 2019.
Lillehei, C. W., Zalieckas, J., Gadepalli, S. K., & Sutherland, C. L. (2017). Ulcerative Colitis. In Waldhausen, J., Powell, D., & Hirschl, R. (Eds.), Pediatric Surgery NaT. Available from https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829046/all/Ulcerative_Colitis
Lillehei CW, Zalieckas J, Gadepalli SK, Sutherland CL. Ulcerative Colitis [Internet]. In: Waldhausen J, Powell D, Hirschl R, editors. Pediatric Surgery NaT. American Pediatric Surgical Association; 2017. [cited 2019 June 25]. Available from: https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829046/all/Ulcerative_Colitis.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Ulcerative Colitis ID - 829046 A1 - Lillehei,Craig,MD AU - Zalieckas,Jill,MD AU - Gadepalli,Samir,MS, MD, MBA AU - Sutherland,Cabrini,MD, MPH ED - Waldhausen,John, ED - Powell,David, ED - Hirschl,Ron, Y1 - 2017/05/25/ BT - Pediatric Surgery NaT UR - https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829046/all/Ulcerative_Colitis PB - American Pediatric Surgical Association DB - APSA Webapp DP - Unbound Medicine ER -