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Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most common newborn surgical emergency and the leading surgical cause of death in the neonatal intensive care unit. Since NEC is typically a disease of premature infants, as neonatal therapies evolve pediatric surgeons are asked to assess and treat increasing numbers of these patients. Non-operative management is the initial approach with surgical intervention reserved for the treatment of the complications of the disease. A universal optimal surgical strategy for NEC remains elusive despite decades of experience with this disorder.
Opportunities exist in improving our prevention and treatment of NEC as well as elucidating its complex pathophysiology .
see also Spontaneous Intestinal Perforation and Necrotizing Enterocolitis Exploration
Content in this topic is referenced in SCORE Necrotizing Enterocolitis overview
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Last updated: May 7, 2019
Waldhausen, John, et al., editors. "Necrotizing Enterocolitis." Pediatric Surgery NaT, American Pediatric Surgical Association, 2019. APSA Webapp, www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829043/all/Necrotizing_Enterocolitis.
Necrotizing Enterocolitis. In: Waldhausen J, Powell D, Hirschl R, eds. Pediatric Surgery NaT. American Pediatric Surgical Association; 2019. https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829043/all/Necrotizing_Enterocolitis. Accessed November 21, 2019.
Necrotizing Enterocolitis. (2019). In Waldhausen, J., Powell, D., & Hirschl, R. (Eds.), Pediatric Surgery NaT. Available from https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829043/all/Necrotizing_Enterocolitis
Necrotizing Enterocolitis [Internet]. In: Waldhausen J, Powell D, Hirschl R, editors. Pediatric Surgery NaT. American Pediatric Surgical Association; 2019. [cited 2019 November 21]. Available from: https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829043/all/Necrotizing_Enterocolitis.
TY - ELEC
T1 - Necrotizing Enterocolitis
ID - 829043
ED - Waldhausen,John,
ED - Powell,David,
ED - Hirschl,Ron,
Y1 - 2019/05/07/
BT - Pediatric Surgery NaT
UR - https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829043/all/Necrotizing_Enterocolitis
PB - American Pediatric Surgical Association
DB - APSA Webapp
DP - Unbound Medicine