Patient and Parent Education


It can be scary and overwhelming to learn your child needs surgery. APSA’s list of conditions will help you better understand the problem, what can be done, and what to expect when considering pediatric surgery.

It is important to note that this information is intended as a resource only and is not to be used or relied on for any diagnostic or treatment purposes. Please speak with your child’s doctor and medical team about his or her individual medical needs.

Use APSA’s Find a Pediatric Surgeon to locate a pediatric surgeon in your area.

Pain Management for Your Child

American College of Surgeons and APSA’s pediatric pain control brochure , pain management plan, pediatric pain control evaluation and pain control office sign.

See also the AAP parent’s Managing a Child’s Pain After Surgery page.

New for 2022!

New Video Feature

APSA and CAPS (Canadian Association of Paediatric Surgeons) are excited to announce a new family-focused education video initiative for commonly-performed operations. The first video is about inguinal hernia repair surgery. Click here for the video link.

This same video is also found below in the topic list along with comprehensive information to educate you on your child’s inguinal hernia.

Conditions - Updated


Adrenal Tumors

Alagille Syndrome

Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency

Anal Fissure

Annular Pancreas

Anorectal Malformation

Appendicitis-Acute (Early)

Informed Consent Template for Acute Appendicitis

Postoperative Care Template for Acute Appendicitis


Biliary Atresia

Biliary Dyskinesia

Branchial Anomalies

Breast Problems

Bronchogenic Cysts


Cecal Volvulus

Central Venous Catheters

Informed Consent Template for Central Venous Catheter

Postoperative Care Template for Central Venous Catheter

Choledochal Cysts

Cloacal Anomalies

Cloacal Exstrophy

Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH)

Crohn’s Disease

Diaphragmatic Eventration

Duodenal Atresia

Duplication Cysts


Informed Consent Template for Empyema

Postoperative Care Template for Empyema


Epigastric Hernia

Informed Consent Template for Epigastric Hernia

Postoperative Care Template for Epigastric Hernia

Esophageal Atresia and Tracheo-Esophageal Fistula

Esophageal Injuries

Button Battery Ingestion


Informed Consent Template for Fistula-in-Ano

Postoperative Care Template for Fistula-in-Ano

Gallbladder Diseases

APSA/ACS/AAP information on Gallbladder Disease in Children

APSA/ACS/AAP information on Gallbladder Removal Surgery (cholecystectomy)

Gastrointestinal Foreign Bodies and Bezoars


Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)



Hirschsprung Disease


Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis

APSA/ACS/AAP information on Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis (HPS) - Help for Babies with Forceful Vomiting

Informed Consent Template for Pyloromyotomy

Postoperative Care Template for Pyloromyotomy

Inguinal Hernia

APSA/ACS/AAP information on Inguinal Hernias in Infants and Children

Informed Consent Template for inguinal hernia repair

Postoperative Care Template for inguinal hernia repair

Interactive Understanding and Comprehensive Care Video for Inguinal Hernia Repair


Informed Consent Template for Intussusception

Postoperative Care Template for Intussusception

Labial Adhesions


Informed Consent Template for Malrotation

Postoperative Care Template for Malrotation

Meckel’s Diverticulum

Meconium Ileus

Meconium Plug Syndrome

Mesenteric and Omental Cysts

Neck Masses

Necrotizing Enterocolitis



Ovarian Torsion

Pancreas Divisum

Pancreatic Cysts


Parathyroid Problems

Patent Ductus Arteriosus

Pectus Carinatum

Pectus Excavatum

Rectal Prolapse

Sacrococcygeal Teratoma

Short Bowel Syndrome

Skin Lesions

Spontaneous Pneumothorax

Testicular Torsion

Informed Consent Template for Testicular Torsion

Postoperative Care Template for Testicular Torsion

Thyroglossal Duct Cyst

Thyroid Cancer


Ulcerative Colitis

Umbilical Conditions

Informed Consent Template for Umbilical Hernia

Postoperative Care Template for Umbilical Hernia

Undescended Testicle

Informed Consent Template for Orchiopexy for Undescended Testicles

Postoperative Care Template for Orchiopexy for Undescended Testicles

Urachal Cysts

Informed Consent Template for Urachal Anomaly

Postoperative Care Template for Urachal Anomaly

Vascular Rings

Wilms Tumor

Fetal Counseling

Congenital Diagphragmatic Hernia - Prenatal

Last updated: May 5, 2023